Here is the secret behind starting up a successful Tilapia Fish Farm in Nigeria
Do you wish to learn how to set up a successful tilapia fish farm? Or are you still confused about the way successful farmers started up their farming business?
Well, this article contains all that you desire and care to know. One thing about fish farming business in Nigeria is that it sells more than poultry or beef. All you just need to do is to be consistent and learn the basics which I will still let you know as you read down.
Tilapia fish, in particular, has many advantages compared other fishes. Especially when it comes to survival and maintenance. It is very easy to breed and has high resistance to disease infestation.
One more thing you should know is that it is becoming more popular in Nigeria and in most African countries.
Talking about temperature, it could be harsh on other fishes but not on tilapia fish. Its survival rate marvels me anytime I visit a fish farm nearby, I will always hear stories like, my Tilapia fish farm has been a great business deal for me when it comes to fish farming.
One surprising thing is that they can feed on vegetables. Yes, are you surprised too? Well, that look on your face I use to put up when I see amazing kinds of stuff like this. This is one secret a successful farmer would hoard from you. So be wise to take advantage of this article and build your knowledge in Tilapia fish farm.
We all have different purposes why we want to start up a fish farm, but never mind, be it any purpose at all, either for fundraising or for recreational purposes, this article will still going to impact more knowledge.
Great Tips on how to start up a Tilapia Fish Farm business in Nigeria
- Motive behind starting up the farm
Is it a commercial farming or a subsistence farming that you wish to set up? You have to decide on this real quick before going into tilapia fish farm.
Well, this would have been the first to come up but it is still one of the most important things to consider. You should have something that pulls you towards starting up a tilapia fish farm. The motive is still the key to building a business. Well, most individuals who think that motivation is just all about making up your mind. Hell no! You make up your mind and work towards it and that’s called motivation.
So your business plan or business strategy should lie on motivation. That would propel your mindset towards achieving your aim.
- Set up a business plan for your Tilapia fish farm:
This is so paramount when it comes to starting up any business in Nigeria or any place in the world today. Setting up a business plan.
Well, most Nigerian farmers always think that starting up a farm only lies on cultivating, building a farmhouse and filling it in with animals. Well, it’s not actually that way. You surely must have a business plan like the cost of feeding, how to go about with budget deficits, and how to handle loss in business and be getting back strong and better.
- The Necessary Thing involved in setting up a tilapia fish farm
When you must have chosen if it’s a commercial or subsistence tilapia fish farming that you want to start up, then you have to look into the necessities in order to achieve your goal.
The basic thing that you actually need is capital. Every business needs that to kick off. Followed by land, farm building, workers, and sources of good water, feed and then where to get healthy Tilapia fishes.
By the time all these aforementioned resources are made available, then you are good to go.
- Now you have to set up your tilapia farm
In here, you will get to know what to be considered before setting up the farm when all the resources are ready. These are as follows:
Localization of the Land: this is one of the most paramount things to be considered. The location of the farm is so important. You can’t build a fish farm in an industrialized locality because dangerous chemicals will disrupt the fish survival.
The temperature of that area is to be considered too because fishes don’t do well in hot temperate region. They mostly do well in an area with reduced temperature.
So you have to make a wise decision while choosing the locality of the farm.
Construction of ponds: well this is where most fish farmers make lots of mistakes. Most times you will see ponds leaking out water leading to pond infestations and death of fishes. The pond should be deep enough to contain your fishes and the bottom must contain 16% lime or compost and maintain a normal Ph range of 7-8.
Beneath the pond should be made of clay because clay soil as you know retains water and prevent dryness.
The bottom part of the pond should be slant so as to ease tilapia fish harvesting. The pond must contain a water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe so as to enable the water to be replaced when the time is due.
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Access to steady healthy water supply: well, you know water supply should be available because fishes can’t do without water.
- Make a choice of the species of Tilapia fish you want to breed
There are lots of species of tilapia fish. The blue tilapia fish that are presented to have a very high growth rate and the Nile tilapia fish
You might be thinking that fish feeding demands a lot, but it actually has fewer expenses when it comes to feeding. Fish is omnivorous in nature. Sometimes they feed on algae and larva so you don’t have to struggle hard to feed your fishes.
Aquatic plants and insects can also be fed to fishes. You should know that fish farming demand feeding in order to fasten growth of fishes.
When you want to start a tilapia fish farm, therefore, you should adopt a breeding system that would help you maximize the number of new fishes you get weekly. Guide against overpopulating the pond because a female Tilapia can produce an average of 100 fingerlings in a week!
You should avoid over-population by using hormones or genetically specific breeds. Make sure you separate the fingerlings from the breeders. The fingerlings should be kept in a spacious pond to enable them enough space for effective growth while the breeders should be kept in a smaller space or in an aquarium.
- Harvesting of Tilapia Fish
The major two ways of harvesting fishes from ponds are through seining and pond draining.
- Infestation control and treatment
Ponds can be infested with diseases and this very dangerous to fingerlings and also matured fishes. Bacterial and viruses are so deadly to fish farms because it causes high mortality rate in the field of agriculture. Proper care should be applied when handling the disease infestation on ponds. So you have to adopt regular pond cleaning and avoid fish overcrowding.
Take note of awkward signs and water colorations so as to check out and examine for viral infestation or bacteria action on fishes.
If there is an epidemic, the first thing you should do is to replace the water and isolate affected ones. Antiviral and antibacterial chemicals should carefully be applied on ponds in order to prevent the death of fishes and also to control disease circulations.
- Marketing Idea
One thing you should know that marketing of fishes in Nigeria is somewhat difficult but I will give you a simple trick of how to sell off your fishes hen due.
Before your fishes mature up to an appreciable size of selling, you should meet people who sell fishes and present your fish at an affordable price. The question now is, where will you meet this set of fish sellers?
You can meet these people on roadsides, in the market, restaurants, and hotels in Nigeria.
Most times you can visit homes and present your fish to homeowners.
Note: I will thrill you with online sales of fishes. Well, I have not seen most people use this platform but it is so feasible and powers your marketing continuity.
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